On February 19, 2020, at the same time as the publication of its “White Paper” on Artificial Intelligence, the European Commission published its data strategy, the objective of which is to enable the creation of a single data market. The desired new European framework aims to facilitate the sharing and reuse of data that European business entities need to face American or Chinese competition and develop innovative applications in key sectors of the economy (health, transport, justice, etc. etc). Thus, after carrying out a public consultation, the Commission unveiled, on November 25, its proposal for a Regulation on European data governance (Data Governance Act). This text, which must be articulated with the Digital Services Act and the Digital Market Act, aims not only to restore confidence by providing a legal framework for data sharing but also to provide the technical basis necessary for the circulation of data between companies. as well as between companies and public administrations.