Thomas is a graduate of the Ecole Polytechnique, and holder of a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Economics professor at New York University and the Paris School of Economics. Between June 2012 and August 2013, he was Economic Advisor to the French Ministry of Finance.
Administrator of the Europanova think tank, he is a member of the National Bureau of Economic Research (USA) and the Center for Economic Policy Research (Europe).
In 2009 he was awarded the Prize for Best Young Economist in France by Le Monde and the Cercle des Economistes.